Trade Instruments, Sessions and Participants Learn Online Trading Why Trade with Apasati Markets Risk Management


Trade Instruments, Sessions and Participants

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Currency Pairs

In FX trading, currencies are traded in pairs.

Major Currency Pairs:

These are the most frequently traded and most liquid pairs. They involve the U.S. dollar (USD) paired with one of the other major currencies (EUR, JPY, GBP, CHF, CAD, AUD, NZD).

Cross Currency Pairs:

These are pairs which do not contain the U.S. dollar. Main crosses are also known as “Minor Currency Pairs” and include pairs between the major currencies.

Exotic Pairs:

Exotics consist of one major currency paired with the currency of an emerging economy.

Trading Sessions/Participants

The Capital market is traditionally separated into three sessions, which overlap during the day. These are the Asian session, the European session, and the North American session.

Market players include major banks (also known as the “interbank market”), governments and central banks, smaller banks, large commercial companies and hedge funds, brokers and retail ECNs. The last two act as the intermediary party between buyers and sellers, enabling retail traders to gain access to the liquidity providers.

Learn Online Trading

Trading is the buying and the selling of specific security.

Trade Basics

EUR/USD = 1.0910

This is a foreign exchange rate for the euro versus the U.S. dollar.

The first listed currency is called the “base currency” and the second listed currency is known as the “term currency”, or “quote currency”.

In FX trading, the base currency is the basis for any buy or sell action.

The above exchange rate tells us that 1.0910 US dollars are required to purchase one euro. If you are buying EUR/USD, you are buying euros and selling American dollars. If you are selling EUR/USD, you are selling euros and buying American dollars.

Bid / Ask

On your trading platform you will see two different prices for each currency pair.






These two different prices are known as the “Bid” and “Ask” prices for the current Instrument.

The Bid price is the price on the left and is lower than the Ask price. It is the price at which you can sell.

The Ask price is the price on the right, and is also known as the “Offer price.” It is the price at which you can buy.

The difference between the two prices is known as the spread.

Opening and Closing Positions

Online trading involves both buying and selling. You open a position with the first action you take, whether that is buying or selling a currency pair. Closing the position you have opened requires you to perform the exact opposite action.

To close an open position on the sTrader, simply click on the ‘Close’ button. This will automatically perform the opposite action. sTrader platforms also allow for hedging, so you can open opposite positions on the same currency pair.

Remember that you buy an instrument at the Ask price and close your position at the Bid price. If you are selling a currency pair, you are doing so at the Bid price and closing your position at the Ask price. Chart prices display only the Bid price of a currency pair by default.

Go Long / Go Short

To “go long” means to buy a currency pair with the expectation that it will gain value. Selling the currency pair once it appreciates will result in profit.

To “go short” means to sell a currency pair, expecting that it will depreciate. Buying the pair once it depreciates will result in profits.

Why Trade with Apasati Markets

Regulated broker

Apasati Markets is a regulated broker that is committed to transparency and fair trading practices.

No dealing Desk Execution

We operate a No-Dealing-Desk and our interests are aligned with those of our clients.

Negative Balance Protection

Our Negative Balance Protection policy ensures that you never lose more than your deposited funds.

Safety of Funds

All client funds are kept separate from companu funds. Apasati Markets protects clients funds helding them with most reliable banks with global regulations.

Best in class Technology

Our cutting-edge technologies ensure that 99.99% orders are executed within 100ms and we can process up to 2000 orders per second.

Competitive pricing

Our deep liquidity from multiple tier one banks and advanced execution technologies allow us to offer highly competitive prices.

Exclusive trading tools

The experience of our traders is our top priority, which is why we develop exclusive trading tools, as well as offering expert analysis and educational resources to help you become a better trader.

Risk Management

Apasati Markets Safe

Apasati Markets Safe is one of the tools we provide our traders with in order to help them manage their risk. Apasati Markets Safe is a secure account which enables you to transfer funds to and from your live trading accounts as you see fit. This allows you to choose how much to risk on any one of your trading accounts while protecting the rest of your funds from any open positions you may have.

Use leverage wisely

While leverage can certainly multiply the gains from a winning position, it can also multiply the losses you incur if a trade doesn't go your way. This is particularly problematic when trading a small account as a losing trade can quickly wipe you out.

Negative Balance Protection

As an added level of safety, we offer negative balance protection to all of our traders. This means that even if a position should go in the opposite direction it will never cause you to lose more than the funds in your trading account. This is a service we offer at our own cost and is not currently a regulatory requirement.


Forex and CFDs are leveraged products. Leverage magnifies losses as well as profits and you could lose more than your initial capital. There is no broker, trader, strategy or any instrument that can guarantee any profit. Most importantly, do not invest money you cannot afford to lose. Our services are not provided to residents of U.S.A. Read more about risk disclosure here.